São Paulo - Following orders of Manuel da Nóbrega, thirteen Jesuits, among them José de Anchieta, climbed Serra do Mar on behalf of the Jesus Society (Companhia de Jesus) to build a school, a village and start converting the Indians. The first mass was held on January 25, 1554, date of the founding of the city, which took its name from Anchieta’s devotion to Apostle Paulo. It was in the early seventeenth century, but especially after the expulsion of the Jesuits, that Paulistas launched themselves to the settlement, but by mid-nineteenth century, São Paulo lived almost stagnant. The first cotton industry settled only in 1811, which ran until the beginning of the Empire. The population of São Paulo, who was around 70 000 inhabitants in 1890, rose to 239,000 in 1900, 587 000 in 1920, 890 000 in 1930 and today is over 11 million.
Tourist attractions: Sé Cathedral, Liberdade (district), Páteo do Colégio, Pinacoteca, theater and the municipal market, train station of Luz and Júlio Prestes, Copan and Itália buildings, Interlagos, Jockey Club, Museum of Ipiranga, Park Ibirapuera, zoo, zoo safari, Casa das Rosas, the Orthodox cathedral, Centro Cultural São Paulo, MASP, Água Branca Park, Pico do Jaraguá, memorials of Latin America and the Immigrant.